Charlemagne did several things to make his Carolingian Empire larger and better administered with support from both vassals and the Church. Yet, not that many years after his death, much of that had been lost. Summarize what Charlemagne did to make his Empire larger and better administered. Identify at least two important things Charlemagne accomplished and explain your reasoning. Why, in your opinion, did the empire decline and fragment? Was this inevitable?
What value does Octavio Paz of Mexico see in democracy? Do you see democracy threatened in any parts of Latin America? Elaborate.
When did the french protestant Villegaignon establish a community in what would become Rio de Janeiro?
Assess the significance of such key figures as Pope John Paul II in bringing about the fall of the Soviet Empire and the creation of independent nation-states in Eastern Europe (in particular, Poland). To what extent can an individual effect significant change?
Identify and describe the key events that led to the partition of India into two separate nations, India and Pakistan.